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20-12-2016, 08:12
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Now I've mentioned Reid's beers we may as well have a look at some of them.

In the late 1830's Reid brewed a wide range of both Porter and Ale. Nothing really odd about that. Three other big Porter brewers: Whitbread, Truman and Barclay Perkins all started brewing Ale in the 1830's having previously been exclusively beer brewers. It was all to do with the 1830 Beer Act.

In the new Beer Houses Ale was very popular and the Porter brewers wanted to get their share of this new market. But where Reid differed from the other three brewers was that later in the 19th century they went back to being exclusively a Porter brewery. No idea why.

What's dead handy is that not only did they brew Mild and Stock Ales, but also Pale Ales. In particular, IPA. The other London brewers I've records from didn't introduce Pale Ales until the 1860's.

Talking of the IPA, it's insanely heavily hopped for what is a beer of quite modest gravity. Which gives me a great chance to bang on about how IPA wasn't a strong beer. Note that its gravity is considerably lower than X Ale, the weakest Mild Ale. And even has a lower gravity than standard Porter, the everyman drink of the day.

Note that the corresponding X and K Ales have identical gravities. And also that, if you look at the hopping rate per quarter, there's a clear difference between the Ales and Beers (Porter and Stout). The Ales are hopped at 7-11 lbs per barrel, the Beers 10-17 lbs. The simple Running Porter was hopped at the same rate as the strongest Stock Ale.

Obviously I'm not including the Pale Aless in this comparison, because that's a totally different class of beer.



Reid beers 1837 - 1839


Date
Year
Beer
Style
OG
FG
ABV
App. Attenuation
lbs hops/ qtr
hops lb/brl


4th Feb
1839
IPA
IPA
1056.8
1007.0
6.59
87.67%
26.6
5.88


16th Feb
1839
BPA
Pale Ale
1056.0
1007.0
6.48
87.49%
22.7
5.61


30th May
1839
IPA
IPA
1056.2
1007.0
6.51
87.55%
28.6
6.53


22nd Dec
1837
P
Porter
1061.2
1018
5.72
70.60%
10.2
2.09


23rd Dec
1837
BS
Stout
1074.0
1023
6.74
68.90%
14.0
4.61


15th Dec
1838
EBSt
Stout
1071.2
1020.0
6.77
71.91%
17.2
5.32


20th Mar
1838
KBSt
Stout
1072.0
1020.0
6.88
72.23%
16.2
5.15


29th Dec
1837
DBSt
Stout
1084.2
1026.0
7.70
69.12%
11.2
4.86


18th Mar
1839
XXX
Mild
1105.3



8.0
3.75


27th Dec
1838
XX
Mild
1088.6



8.8
3.12


31st Dec
1838
X
Mild
1073.4



6.8
2.06


13th Jan
1839
KKK
Stock Ale
1105.3
1033.2
9.53
68.42%
10.7
5.12


11th Jan
1839
KK
Stock Ale
1088.6
1028.3
7.99
68.13%
10.0
3.13


Source:


Reid brewing record held a the Westminster City Archives.





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