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26-11-2016, 08:51
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Here’s a type of beer that was already becoming a rarity in the 1890’s – a genuine Scottish Mild Ale.

I should probably be more specific. It was draught Scottish Mild that was a rarity. There were still plenty of Shilling Ales, the bottled form of Mild that was specific to Scotland. Though the popularity of these beers was on the wane, as increasing amounts of Pale Ale were brewed. The situation south of the border was very different. Mild was the favourite style and becoming ever more popular, mostly at the expense of Porter.

Like most Scottish beers of this period, it had a very simple grist, just pale malt and sugar. It’s not clear exactly what sort of sugar it was. I’ve guessed at No. 1 invert.

To put this beer into its historical context, I’ve put it in a table together with the X Ale from three London breweries:



Mild Ales of the 1890's


Date
Year
Brewer
Beer
OG
FG
ABV
App. Atten-uation
lbs hops/ qtr
hops lb/brl


6th Aug
1891
Barclay Perkins
X
1058.0
1015.0
5.69
74.21%
8.32
2.07


13th Jul
1894
Whitbread
X
1058.4
1016.0
5.62
72.62%
8.23
2.09


7th Jul
1894
Truman
X Ale
1056.5



9.0
2.19


28th Jul
1897
Fuller
X
1049.6
1012.2
4.95
75.42%
6.58
1.44


13th Apr
1894
Thomas Usher
XX 60/-
1055
1015
5.29
72.73%
10.00
2.77


Sources:


Barclay Perkins brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number ACC/2305/1/587


Whitbread brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number LMA/4453/D/01/060


Truman brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number B/THB/C/175


Thomas Usher brewing record held at the Scottish Brewing Archive, document number TU/6/1/2


Fullers brewing record held at the brewery.




Usher’s beer is surprisingly similar to the London ones, though a little more heavily hopped. Isn’t that a shock? Didn’t the Scots use almost no hops? Oh, I remember. That story is total bollocks. The hops themselves are just listed as Kent and Columbia in the brewing record. Cluster and Fuggles seem fair enough guesses for the varieties.

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