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09-08-2016, 08:17
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I’ve been browsing through a bound Brewers’ Guardian from 1953 again. And found some fascinating stuff about new hop varieties. I’m sure that you’re as fascinated about this as I am. If not, why the hell would you be reading my blog?


https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-eF5cYJmjSSA/V5yCvCUx8PI/AAAAAAAAaSI/yZme0QFKa4wLxVTnxzwZcGqt0Az6W-3eQCLcB/s400/Barclay_Perkins_Golden_Hop_Ale.jpg (https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-eF5cYJmjSSA/V5yCvCUx8PI/AAAAAAAAaSI/yZme0QFKa4wLxVTnxzwZcGqt0Az6W-3eQCLcB/s1600/Barclay_Perkins_Golden_Hop_Ale.jpg)

Here’s a lovely table:



Results of analysis of samples of hops entered for the new varieties Challenge Cups Competition.


(Resins calculated on moisture-free hops)


CLASS "A"





Alpha Resin
Beta Resin
Moisture


Grower
Variety entered

%
%
H2O


Amos, A. & K. J.
Pride of Kent
170a
7.25
12.05
9.94


do.
Northern Brewer
WFBI35
8.69
9.74
9.6


Bomford. J. F. Ltd.
Sunshine Hop
V94
6.19
8.41
8.59


Chambers, Wm. & Sons Southfleet Farm
Pride of Kent
170a
7.71
11.82
9.59


do.
Sunshine Hop
V94
7.51
9.75
7.84


do.
Early Promise
X35
6.84
7.71
8.69


Chambers, Wm. & Sons Swanscombe Farm
Brewers Gold
C9a
8.88
9.87
10.11


Chambers, Wm. & Sons Langley Farm
Early Promise
X35
6.74
6.49
8.96


Chambers, Wm. & Sons Hunton & Yalding Farms
Early Promise
X35
5.51
9.38
7.97


Chambers, Wm. & Sons Sevenoaks Farm
Brewers Gold
C9a
7.08
5.18
9.89


do.
Early Promise
X35
6.07
8.99
9.18


do.
Pride of Kent
170a
7.41
12.96
10.39


Day, Brian H.

OT48
7.47
9.17
8.89


Hukins, W. D.
Northern Brewer
WFB135
7.95
9.18
9.7


Nott, J.

OF27
6.71
8.24
10.8


Nott, J.
Northern Brewer
WFB135
9.02
10.88
10.38


Skinner, Wm. & Son
Early Promise
X35
6.31
8.23
8.84


Little Fowle Hall
Early Promise
X35
7.71
8.27
9.52


Wickham, R. D.
Early Promise
X35
4.38
13.03
9.92


Wimshurst, T. E.
Pride of Kent
170a
7.07
11.79
9.9


do.
College Cluster
N15BIS
5.72
7.72
9.27


do.
John Ford
WFA90
8.77
10.31
10.26


Worley, J. A.
Northern Brewer
WFB135
8.36
9.98
9.03


Veall, H.
Pride of Kent
170a
8.04
14.36
10.14


Veall, H.
Northern Brewer
WFB135
8.45
8.89
9.31


Source:


"Brewers' Guardian 1953", February page 74.




Not all of those varieties have continued to be grown. A couple – Northern Brewer and Brewers Gold – are still pretty popular.

I’m not going to pester you with too many words. But I will make a few remarks. The alpha acid content of Early Promise is really variable. From 4.38% to 7.71%.

Oh, and make a quick comparison with modern English hops.



English hop varieties in 2000


Cultivar
alpha-acid (%)
alpha/beta ratio
Cohumulone (%)
Oil (%)
Humulene /Caryophyllene ratio
Comments


Admiral
13.5-16.2
2.6-3.2
26-32
1.0-1.7

Wilt tolerant


Bramling Cross
6.0-7.8
2.4-3.1
26-31
0.7-1.0
2.2
Wilt tolerant


Brewers Gold
5.5-8.5
1.9
38
1.5
2.3



Bullion
6.0-9.0
1.9
36
3.2
1.5



First Gold (Dwarf)
5.6-8.7
2.4-3.2
29-34
0.7-1.4
3.2
Wilt tolerant


Fuggle
3.0-5.6
1.5-2.2
29-30
0.7-1.1
3.3



Goldings
4.4-6.7
2.1-2.6
26-32
0.8-1.0
3.5



Herald (Dwarf)
11.0-13.0
2.4
37
1.0-2.2
2.4
Wilt resistant


Northern Brewer
6.5-10.0
2
23
2
2.8



Phoenix
12.0-15.0
2.1-2.6
24-28
1.2-2.5

Wilt resistant


Progress
6.0-7.5
2.8-3.3
27-36
0.5-0.8
3.3
Wilt tolerant


Whitbread Golding Variety (WGV)
5.4-7.7
2.3-3.0
32-43
0.8-1.2
3.5
Wilt tolerant


Wye Challenger
6.5-8.5
1.8-2.1
20-25
1.0-1.5
3.1



Wye Northdown
6.8-9.6
1.5-2.2
24-29
1.2-2.2
2.7



Wye Target
9.9-12.6
2.2-2.8
35-39
1.2-1.4
2.4
Wilt resistant


Source:


Brewing: science and practice, by Dennis E. Briggs, Chris A. Boulton, Peter A. Brookes and Roger Stevens, 2004, page 252.




One of the two 1953 examples of Brewers Gold has an alpha acid content slightly higher than the modern upper limit – 8.8%, on a range given as 5.5% to 8%. And the Northern Brewer examples are all towards the top end when it comes to alpha acid.

More on hops soon.

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