PDA

View Full Version : Shut up about Barclay Perkins - Hoare draught Stout 1870 - 1933



Blog Tracker
26-04-2014, 08:05
Visit the Shut up about Barclay Perkins site (http://barclayperkins.blogspot.com/2014/04/hoare-draught-stout-1870-1933.html)


http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-9Vp4JjpiUZk/U1EvpIQ8roI/AAAAAAAATag/Ek71V09CEVA/s1600/Hoare_Imperial_Stout.jpg (http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-9Vp4JjpiUZk/U1EvpIQ8roI/AAAAAAAATag/Ek71V09CEVA/s1600/Hoare_Imperial_Stout.jpg)
Here, as threatened, is my second instalment on Hoare's beers. This time it's the turn of draught Stout.

Which was, along with Porter, their original specialisation. This time I've split it into two parts, one for draught versions the other for bottled. You'll see why that makes so much sense when you've looked at the tables.

I'll start with the three examples from 1870. They come courtesy of the British Medical Journal. I can make a decent stab at what they were sold as. In ascending order of strength: Stout, Double Stout and Treble (or Imperial) Stout. Don't believe me? Well here are Truman's equivalents from the very same year:



Stout
1070.1


Double Stout
1079.5


Imperial
1083.7


Source:


Truman brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number B/THB/C/072.



It's very strange what happens in the 1930's. At the beginning of the 1920's, it's very much what you would expect: 9d a pint and a gravity in the mid-1050's. (If you're wondering, Guinness Extra Stout was 1055 in the 1920's.) Then after 1923 the price drops to 8d a pint. Now I understand why the gravity would drop in 1931: Snowden's emergency budget that raised beer duty from 80 shillings a standard barrel to 114 shillings.




Hoare draught Stout 1870 - 1933


Year
Beer
Price
size
Acidity
FG
OG
ABV
App. Atten-uation


1870
Stout


0.23
1025.9
1090.9
8.29
71.49%


1870
Stout


0.20
1014
1068.1
6.96
79.43%


1870
Stout
3.5d
pint
0.22
1014.5
1078.4
7.81
81.50%


1921
Stout
9d
pint

1023.2
1054
3.97
57.04%


1922
Stout
9d
pint

1020.8
1056.8
4.65
63.38%


1922
Stout
9d
pint

1018.7
1054.2
4.59
65.50%


1923
Stout
9d
pint

1020.4
1055.4
4.52
63.18%


1923
Stout
8d
pint

1017.4
1054.4
4.79
68.01%


1923
Stout
8d
pint

1017.5
1050.5
4.27
65.35%


1925
Stout
8d
pint

1013.2
1052.7
5.13
74.95%


1928
Stout
7d
pint

1013.6
1046.6
4.28
70.82%


1928
Stout
7d
pint

1012.6
1053
5.26
76.24%


1929
Stout
8d
pint
0.12
1010.9
1052.1
5.37
79.08%


1929
Stout
8d
pint
0.09
1018
1056.2
4.95
67.97%


1930
Stout
8d
pint

1022.6
1055
4.18
58.91%


1930
Stout
8d
pint
0.08
1013.9
1053
5.08
73.77%


1930
Stout
8d
pint

1019.2
1047
3.58
59.15%


1930
Stout
8d
pint

1015.2
1050
4.51
69.60%


1930
Stout
7d
pint


1048.2




1931
Stout
8d
pint
0.06
1016.5
1044.8
3.66
63.17%


1931
Stout
8d
pint
0.14
1012.6
1054.2
5.41
76.75%


1931
Stout
8d
pint

1015.2
1041
3.33
62.93%


1931
Stout
8d
pint


1038.3




1932
Stout
8d
pint
0.07
1015
1041
3.36
63.41%


1932
Stout
8d
pint
0.06
1012
1042
3.89
71.43%


1932
Stout
8d
pint


1039.1




1932
Stout
8d
pint


1042.4




1933
Stout
8d
pint
0.11
1013.8
1042.2
3.67
67.30%


Sources:


British Medical Journal June 25th 1870, page 658.


Whitbread Gravity book held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number LMA/4453/D/02/001


Truman Gravity Book held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number B/THB/C/252




The gravity of Stout prior to the budget makes working its effect a piece of piss. Because averaging around 1055, it was standard gravity (a standard barrel was 36 gallons of beer with an OG of 1055). Which means the tax on a barrel of Stout increased by 34 shillings. Or 11.33d per gallon. That's near as dammit 1.5d per pint.

What most breweries in London did was to cut the gravity of their draught Stout to 1047 and increase the price from 8d to 9d. Here are some examples:



London draught Stouts


Date
Brewer
Beer
Price
size
OG


1931
Barclay Perkins
Stout
9d
pint
1050.9


1931
Barclay Perkins
Stout
9d
pint
1049.6


1931
Charrington
Stout
9d
pint
1049.3


1931
Charrington
Stout
9d
pint
1043


1931
Courage
Stout
8d
pint
1047.6


1931
Courage
Stout
8d
pint
1046.9


1931
Mann Crossman
Stout
9d
pint
1046.3


1931
Mann Crossman
Stout
9d
pint
1046.8


1931
Taylor Walker
Stout
8d
pint
1049.5


1931
Taylor Walker
Stout
9d
pint
1046.9


1931
Truman
Stout
8d
pint
1044.3


1931
Truman
Stout
8d
pint
1048.8


1931
Watney
Stout
8d
pint
1047.8


1931
Watney
Stout
8d
pint
1043.3


1931
Wenlock
Stout
8d
pint
1046.7


1931
Wenlock
Stout
8d
pint
1045.6


1931
Whitbread
LS
8d
pint
1045.3


Average




1047


Sources:


Truman Gravity Book held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document number B/THB/C/252


Whitbread brewing record held at the London Metropolitan Archives, document numberLMA/4453/D/09/124



That gravity cut and price increase makes sense when you look at the tax paid: per bulk barrel at the rate of 114 shillings per barrel:



OG
tax per barrel (shillings)


1041
85.0


1039
80.8


1047
97.4



At 1047, about 17.5 shillings more tax was due, which is about 6d per gallon or 0.75d per pint.

The table tells you what Hoare did: they dropped the gravity so much that the tax die was about the same as before the budget, namely 80 shillings per barrel. I guess most breweries thought that was just too drastic. I agree with them. A gravity of 1040-ish is just too low for a Stout.



More... (http://barclayperkins.blogspot.com/2014/04/hoare-draught-stout-1870-1933.html)