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31-10-2012, 07:21
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Finally we're there. At the end of my series on Maclays beers in WW II. We've laughed, we've cried, we've put our heads down the toilet bowl hoping it would all go away.

In a radical new departure, I'm going to look at the recipes. Or at least the grists. And do that compary thing with London. Good reasons for even more tables. Not that I need good reasons. Or any reasons. I'm just going to come out and say it: I love tables. There. I've finally outed myself.

Where was I? Wandering off into incomprehensibility again. It's my favourite spot to take a stroll. I suppose I should get back to the topic, Maclay's wartime grists.



Maclay PA 6d vs Barclay Perkins IPA (1943)


Date
Brewer
Beer
pale malt
amber malt
SA malt
PA malt
no. 1 sugar
caramel
flaked barley
flaked oats
malted oats


average
Maclay
PA 6d
76.34%



8.14%
0.25%

6.11%
9.16%


19th Jan 1943
Barclay Perkins
IPA

5.25%
41.25%
42.00%
7.00%

4.50%




difference


-76.34%
5.25%
41.25%
42.00%
-1.14%
-0.25%
4.50%

-9.16%


Sources:


Maclay brewing record, document number M/6/1/1/13 held at the Scottish Brewing Archive.


Barclay Perkins brewing records held at the London Metropolitan Archives document numbers ACC/2305/01/625 and ACC/2305/01/626.



http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-yrpYNb5sDYU/UIlGsXG-rGI/AAAAAAAAME0/m9xHA6w7HmI/s320/Maclay_PA_6d_vs_Barclay_Perkins_IPA_1943.jpg (http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-yrpYNb5sDYU/UIlGsXG-rGI/AAAAAAAAME0/m9xHA6w7HmI/s1600/Maclay_PA_6d_vs_Barclay_Perkins_IPA_1943.jpg)


I'll begin by comparing Maclays PA 6d with Barclay Perkins IPA. No. 1 invert sugar aside, the grists are totally different. Even the base malt is different, with Barclay Perkins using a combination of PA malt and SA malt, while Maclay used plain old pale malt.

Amber malt is a pretty odd ingredient in a Pale Ale. I can only assume Barclay Perkins had a lot of it lying about. Pre-war it only made an appearance in their Stouts and Mild Ales. SA malt is equally unusual in a Pale Ale, usually being found in Strong Ale, Mild Ale and Stout. I think we can safely blame the huge divergence in grists on Barclay Perkins, who were using very different malts compared with peacetime.

The next comparisons should be more useful: Maclays PA 6d with Whitbread IPA. First, the 1943 iterations:



Maclay PA 6d vs Whitbread IPA (1943)


Date
Year
Beer
Style
pale malt
crystal malt
no. 1 sugar
caramel
flaked oats
malted oats


average
1943
Maclay
PA 6d
76.66%

8.60%
0.32%
5.32%
9.11%


average
1943
Whitbread
IPA
78.08%
6.16%
5.48%

10.27%



difference



1.42%
6.16%
-3.12%
-0.32%
4.96%
-9.11%


Sources:


Maclay brewing record, document number M/6/1/1/13 held at the Scottish Brewing Archive.


Whitbread brewing records held at the London Metropolitan Archives document numbers LMA/4453/D/01/110 and LMA/4453/D/01/111.



http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-_O-TPVkonjc/UIlGub-DMRI/AAAAAAAAME8/B2-X0wcC1RU/s320/Maclay_PA_6d_vs_Whitbread_IPA_1943.jpg (http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-_O-TPVkonjc/UIlGub-DMRI/AAAAAAAAME8/B2-X0wcC1RU/s1600/Maclay_PA_6d_vs_Whitbread_IPA_1943.jpg)



In both cases pale malt and No. 1 invert sugar make up around 85% of the grist. Whitbread used rather more flaked oats, but Maclay offset this by using malted oats as well. Whitbread continued to include some crystal malt, as they had before the war. I should also mention that, while it doesn't show up in the list of ingredients, there was caramel in Whitbread's beer. They used caramel for colour adjustments to get their beers to the standard colour.

The differences in the grists remained generally the same in 1944. Crystal malt in the Whitbread, malted oats in the Maclay. Both brewers had exchanged flaked oats for flaked barley. The presence of flaked oats in 1943 and flaked barley in 1944 is simple to explain. The government forced brewers to use these ingredients.



Maclay PA 6d vs Whitbread IPA (1944)


Date
Year
Brewer
Beer
pale malt
crystal malt
no. 1 sugar
caramel
flaked barley
malted oats


average
1944
Maclay
PA 6d
78.19%

8.60%
0.32%
5.32%
7.58%


average
1944
Whitbread
IPA
78.00%
9.00%
8.00%

5.00%



difference



-0.19%
9.00%
-0.60%
-0.32%
-0.32%
-7.58%


Sources:


Maclay brewing record, document number M/6/1/1/13 held at the Scottish Brewing Archive.


Whitbread brewing records held at the London Metropolitan Archives document numbers LMA/4453/D/01/110 and LMA/4453/D/01/111.



http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VZ5SRZ26JQw/UIlGv_rkdhI/AAAAAAAAMFA/10bfn0WAjEU/s320/Maclay_PA_6d_vs_Whitbread_IPA_1944.jpg (http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VZ5SRZ26JQw/UIlGv_rkdhI/AAAAAAAAMFA/10bfn0WAjEU/s1600/Maclay_PA_6d_vs_Whitbread_IPA_1944.jpg)


The story is much the same when we compare Maclay Export with Whitbread PA. The Whitbread beer contains crystal malt and the Maclay one malted oats. No surprise about the latter.




Maclay Export vs Whitbread PA (1943)


Date
Year
Brewer
Beer
pale malt
crystal malt
no. 1 sugar
caramel
flaked oats
malted oats


average
1943
Maclay
Export
76.34%

8.14%
0.25%
6.11%
9.16%


average
1943
Whitbread
PA
73.34%
4.56%
8.84%

13.26%



difference



-2.99%
4.56%
0.70%
-0.25%
7.15%
-9.16%


Sources:


Maclay brewing record, document number M/6/1/1/13 held at the Scottish Brewing Archive.


Whitbread brewing records held at the London Metropolitan Archives document numbers LMA/4453/D/01/110 and LMA/4453/D/01/111.



http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-36HjcSYPNJk/UIlGp4bdunI/AAAAAAAAMEo/P-at-99mrCc/s320/Maclay_Export_vs_Whitbread_PA_1943.jpg (http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-36HjcSYPNJk/UIlGp4bdunI/AAAAAAAAMEo/P-at-99mrCc/s1600/Maclay_Export_vs_Whitbread_PA_1943.jpg)



Maclay Export vs Whitbread PA (1944)


Date
Year
Brewer
Beer
pale malt
crystal malt
no. 1 sugar
caramel
flaked barley
malted oats


average
1944
Maclay
Export
79.39%

8.14%
0.25%
6.11%
6.11%


average
1944
Whitbread
PA
72.05%
7.16%
8.99%

11.80%



difference



-7.34%
7.16%
0.85%
-0.25%
5.69%
-6.11%


Sources:


Maclay brewing record, document number M/6/1/1/13 held at the Scottish Brewing Archive.


Whitbread brewing records held at the London Metropolitan Archives document numbers LMA/4453/D/01/110 and LMA/4453/D/01/111.



http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-4GAPmn5FrHc/UIlGq7KtT_I/AAAAAAAAMEs/5j_77ZxOtso/s320/Maclay_Export_vs_Whitbread_PA_1944.jpg (http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-4GAPmn5FrHc/UIlGq7KtT_I/AAAAAAAAMEs/5j_77ZxOtso/s1600/Maclay_Export_vs_Whitbread_PA_1944.jpg)


I think I might have forgotten to mention something. By this stage of the war, Maclay were only really brewing one beer, in two different strengths. PA 6d and Export were almost always parti-gyled and, even when they weren't, the recipe remained the same.

Wait until you see what happened after the war. Maclays recipes have something very special about them. More about that later.https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/tracker/5445569787371915337-3265460099233594282?l=barclayperkins.blogspot.com


More... (http://barclayperkins.blogspot.com/2012/10/maclays-beers-during-ww-ii-part-five.html)